April 21, 2024

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IVF Success Rate May be Related to Male Age

Usually, you (as a couple of the opposite sex) decide to see an expert at a fertility clinic in Nepal or your country when you notice a conception delay. After a few formalities and fertility assessment, the doctor advises IVF to facilitate you in your parenthood journey. 

Usually, you (as a couple of the opposite sex) decide to see an expert at a fertility clinic in Nepal or your country when you notice a conception delay. After a few formalities and fertility assessment, the doctor advises IVF to facilitate you in your parenthood journey. 

When it comes to IVF success, most of us pay attention to female factors such as maternal age and egg quality. And we forget about male age that also plays a crucial role in the success of IVF treatment. It has impacts of several things caused by paternal age. Let’s have a look at them:

Physiological elements

As we get older, the endocrine and spermatogenic functions of the testis gradually deteriorate, androgen levels drop, semen volume drops, sperm motility drops, abnormal sperm counts rise, etc. which will harm a man’s ability to reproduce. The findings demonstrated that sperm concentration, forward motility, and normal morphology all significantly decreased after age 40, with the total amount of sperm starting to decline after age 35.

Mental health issues

As people get older, the demands of work and family also grow. Male infertility is brought on by mental stress, which also causes decreased sex desire, impaired erection, dysfunctional ejaculation, and abnormal sperm production.

Pathogenic elements

Male diseases like prostatitis, prostatic hyperplasia, testicular epididymitis, seminal vesiculitis, etc. are more likely to develop as men get older. Male infertility is a consequence of these illnesses. One of the key elements affecting IVF success is the quality of the sperm. The success rate of IVF will be impacted if there are few sperm and a low survival rate.

Men and women should practise the inspection before the IVF, for this reason. The herbal medicine Diuretic and Anti-Inflammatory Pill is the most frequently used, safe, and efficient treatment for sperm quality issues brought on by these reproductive system illnesses.

What are the prerequisites for male IVF?

Two to three months prior to IVF, stop smoking. Smoking has a negative impact on health and lowers sperm quality, which has a negative impact on pregnancy and embryo development. Congenital mental retardation and malformations are also fairly common. 

Sperm motility significantly decreased and sperm deformity rate significantly increased with the prevalence of smoking. In order to have enough time to produce high-quality sperm, the husband should typically stop smoking 2-3 months prior to IVF.

Be mindful to avoid sitting down too much. Long periods of computer use will affect the testis’ ability to dissipate heat, blood flow, local temperature, and sperm production.

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Pay close attention to how tight clothing affects spermatogenesis. Squeezing the scrotum for an extended period of time with tight clothing will reduce sperm production on average. When preparing for IVF, fathers should wear comfortable, loose clothing.

Also important are environmental factors. It is well known that radiation can result in birth defects and injuries. Other elements thought to harm sperm include some insecticides, polychlorinated two benzene, organic mercury, some perfumes with benzoates (or ester), some insecticides, and oestrogen in tap water. Numerous of these substances are still being researched.

Do IVF prenatally and postnatally while abstaining from alcohol. Alcohol will harm the liver and lower the quality of sperm, which will decrease reproductive ability. Alcohol can decrease testosterone levels as well as sperm counts and quality.

Pay attention to the temperature of the testes. The reason why men’s testicles are placed in the scrotum is so that they can function normally because their temperature can be lower than the body’s. The scrotum should be 4 °C colder than the body temperature under normal conditions. Keep in mind that driving or sitting in the scrotum can affect sperm temperature.

Conclusion

The success rate of IVF is influenced by a variety of factors, including endocrine, laboratory, and technical factors. Of course, the patient’s age also plays a role. the condition of the female’s womb, ovary, and sperm, etc. , have an impact on success rates.